Symptoms of periods : what are the effects?

A woman's menstrual cycle is not a smooth ride, and hormonal variations will trigger a series of symptoms that will be visible throughout the menstrual cycle, but will also be the sign that periods is on its way!

What are the common symptoms of periods ?

It's important to remember that it's perfectly normal to feel somediscomfort in the days leading up to the onset of periods and for a few days after bleeding begins. Here are some common symptoms that indicate that your periods is coming... or already here!

Sore breasts

The influence of hormones can have an impact on the size and sensitivity of your breasts. Sore breasts at periods can be one of the signs that menstruation is imminent. Discomfort in the chest as periods approach can also be a symptom of pregnancy: so it's important to keep a close eye on these phenomena.


Another sign that menstruation is on its way is the onset of migraines or headaches. At the start of the menstrual cycle, prostaglandins released into the bloodstream can cause a headache. Likewise, changes inestrogen levels can disrupt neurotransmitters, leading to sleep difficulties, migraines and mood swings. Headaches during periods when they recur are called menstrual migraines, which can also cause vomiting and nausea.

Stomach aches

Pelvic pain is one of the most common discomforts experienced by women during the menstrual cycle. Stomach ache during periods is described as cramps that are linked to the contractions of the uterus as it evacuates blood from the endometrium. Stomach ache is one of the signs that periods is coming, but can also be felt at the time ofovulation and a few days after the onset of blood loss. Stomach pains during your menstrual cycles should not be a handicap and may vary from one cycle to the next. Another sign that menstruation is coming, linked to stomach pain, is constipation, as the digestive system is slowed down by the action of progesterone.

Chronic fatigue

Fatigue and periods, the classic combination! Indeed, when the periods arrive, red blood cell and iron levels in the blood drop, reducing the supply of oxygen to the body. It's not unusual to feel tired or short of breath. Beware of anemia, which is characterized by increased, long-lasting fatigue. Don't hesitate to seek medical advice, as anemia is a serious menstrual symptom that needs to be treated.

Skin changes

One of the symptoms linked to the menstrual cycle is the appearance of pimples or" periods skin" problems! With the arrival of menstruation, the drop in hormones, progesterone and estrogen, makes the skin thinner and more fragile. These hormonal variations can cause :

  • excess sebum
  • shinier, oilier skin
  • lThe appearance of acne pimples

Weight gain

Another symptom is weight gain at periods. Under the influence of hormones, some regulated women experience cravings for sugars and fats. Make sure you eat a balanced diet!

Stress and anxiety

Anxiety and periods are often linked.Anxiety can influence the arrival of periods, either by slowing them down or by accentuating menstrual pain and symptoms. Stress during periods will have an impact on the duration, pain and general condition of the woman. So it's important to understand the reasons for your stress, and set up routines to help you control it: sleep, sport, relaxation and meditation, for example.

Premenstrual syndrome: symptoms before the baby arrives periods

Premenstrual syndrome is a sign of theonset of menstruation. A number of phenomena occur a few days before the onset of menstrual flow, and generally disappear with the onset of blood loss:

  • unusual fatigue and/or difficulty sleeping
  • stomach pains, diarrhea just before blood loss and/or bloating
  • lanxiety
  • depression
  • heavy, painful breasts

PMS is a strong sign that the flow is coming!

What are the symptoms of the first periods in women?

There are several signs that periods are coming for the first time! The first periods occur within two years of breast growth. Generally speaking, the following physical and psychological changes can be observed:

  • growth spurts
  • weight gain
  • hip enlargement
  • face elongation
  • excess sebum on skin and hair
  • skin rashes
  • perspiration
  • genital development and breast growth
  • white vaginal discharge
  • hair growth
  • mood swings

What can you do when the symptoms of periods affect your quality of life?

While one in two women suffers from painful menstruation, 60% of 15-19 year-olds are affected by periods symptoms. 20% even say they suffer from very painful periods that impact their daily lives. 71% feel more irritable, 80% feel much more tired and 59% feel uncomfortable with their bodies.

Adopt a healthy lifestyle and exclude all unhealthy eating habits. Exercise regularly and get enough rest. Try to limit stressful activities and consume less sugar, caffeine and salt.

If menstrual symptoms are having a major impact on your quality of life, don't hesitate to discuss them with a healthcare professional, such as your GP or gynecologist.


The FAQ for periods

What are the symptoms before periods ?

There are several symptoms before periods. This period is called premenstrual syndrome or PMS. Symptoms often include bloating, water retention, diarrhea or constipation. The appearance of acne, depression or increased fatigue. If your symptoms are too severe, we recommend that you consult your gynaecologist, midwife or GP.

What are the symptoms of periods ?

Symptoms of menstrual loss may include pain or discomfort. These include stomach pains, headaches, pain in the kidneys and lower back. Some people experience breast pain. Always refer to a health professional if menstrual symptoms are disabling on a daily basis.

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