How do I change baby's diaper?

In collaboration with Rokiyah Hosen Professional proofreading


Your little wonder has just joined your family. Your family is growing, and new emotions and tasks are being added to your already busy daily routine. Among your new mission as parents, the essential step you'll be taking at least 10 times a day is changing your baby's diaper! We tell you all about it! 


Changing a baby's diaper: a step-by-step guide!

Changing a baby's diaper is an essential step in your new life as a young mom and dad. Changing your child's diaper will be a moment of apprehension, joy, laughter, tears and worry. What will you find in your little one's diaper? How to put on baby's diaper as safely as an infant care professional?

  1. Wash your hands before changing your baby's diaper!
  2. Make sure you have all the products you need to hand: wipes, cotton pads, diapers, linimenta change of clothes, washcloths and diapers.
  3. Place baby on the changing table. Make sure baby is lying on a clean towel or undersheet. 
  4. Once your child is settled in, don't take your eyes off him or her , and always keep one hand on him or her to avoid an accident. Your little one could fall off the changing table and hurt himself badly.
  5. Unbutton the bottom of your baby's bodysuit, and pull the fabric up to just above the navel, or up to the chest if the diaper is already full. This way, you'll avoid having to change his whole outfit.
  6. Open the diaper with the side fasteners.
  7. Roll the diaper up on itself or fold it over , using the clean part on the front of the diaper to remove and clean as much stool as possible from your baby's bottom.
  8. Wash baby thoroughly with a wet cotton pad soaked in liniment, diaper milk or a washcloth. Don't forget to clean every little fold. You'll avoid a lot of irritation. Never get pee or poo on lyour baby's genital tract.
  9. Carefully dry your baby's bottom and reproductive tract. Your baby's skin should be dry after every diaper change. Gently pat baby's skin without rubbing to remove any moisture and risk of redness and diaper rash.
  10. Immediately place a clean diaper under your baby's bottom to prevent pee leaks onto your changing pad. The diaper's Velcro fasteners should be at the back and fold over the front of the diaper.
  11. If necessary, apply diaper cream to relieve your baby's redness and irritation. Use a suitable moisturizing cream.
  12. Close the Velcro fasteners on the new diaper , adjusting the fastener to your child's size. Let two fingers pass over the navel. Clear the little fins around the thighs to retain fluids and prevent leaks!
  13. Get baby dressed and off the changing table. Place him safely on his floor mat, bed or s'he walks on the floor!
  14. Close the room diaper with the Velcro fasteners and dispose of it in a suitable garbage can.

Mistakes to avoid when changing baby's diaper

When changing your baby's diaper, there are a few mistakes you should avoid to ensure your child's safety and good hygiene. Here's the bible of what not to do:

  • SKeep away from your child to prevent any risk of falling. Stay close to your child throughout the washing process;
  • Clean your child any way you like. Never change a child from the bottom to the top, always from the anus to the genitals;
  • Keep your baby's bottom moist. Moisture will cause irritation, diaper rash and potentially fungus on a newborn's fragile skin;
  • There's no need to undress your baby completely. Your child could catch a cold, fall off the changing table and s'get upset and make the moment unpleasant;
  • If your child suffers from reflux, do not change him immediately after eating, as he may regurgitate;
  • Use a diaper that's too big or too small for your baby. An ill-fitting diaper can be uncomfortable or cause leaks;
  • Use wipes for every diaper change: wipes are very irritating for baby's skin and should sbe used sparingly;
  • Incorrect positioning of your baby's diaper: the upper part of the diaper should be pulled up to the navel, and the diaper should lie flat and ride up the lumbar region in the back. Make sure that the tabs on each side of the thighs protrude.

What accessories are useful for changing baby's diaper?

When changing your child's diaper, you need a minimum of equipment to set up, clean and dress your baby.

Essential equipment

You'll be changing lots and lots of diapers during the first three years of your little one's life. Get equipped! Our essentials :

  • A heavy-duty changing table - one that can support a baby weighing over 11 kilos;
  • A flat or inclined changing mat for babies with GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease);
  • A changing mat cover;
  • Diapers or old towels to store directly in the changing table;
  • A diaper garbage can to avoid disposing of nappies in an ordinary garbage can and having to put up with a strong unpleasant odour;
  • And don't forget to put changing pads in the changing table! You never know if your child will get a stain when changing;

Diapers and hygiene products

Prepare your changing table with products adapted to your child's changing needs:

  • Cotton pads, maxi-squares: Choose organic, hypoallergenic cotton pads. Ideally, they should be GOTS or Ecocert certified;
  • Natural, organic liniment or diaper milk;
  • A moisturizing cream to take advantage of diaper changes to moisturize baby's skin;
  • A diaper cream to treat redness and diaper rash;
  • Saline solution.

Changing a baby boy's or girl's diaper: what are the differences?

Always remember to clean your baby from front to back, without going back and forth with the wipe. Always go from clean to dirty and not the other way round. You don't want feces, urine or other impurities to travel up from the baby's bottom to the genitals.

Don't forget to clean all the little folds of skin, especially those in the groin. Sometimes, you'll need to clean your baby's back, especially when he's had an overflowing bowel movement. You'll also need to change his clothes.

To change a little girl's diaper properly, clean the labia minora, labia majora and vulva with great care. Always go from the pubis to the rectum. Poor hygiene can lead to fungus and irritation. Avoid cleaning the inside of the vulva, as you could irritate it or remove the vaginal secretions that protect the vagina from bacteria.

For a little boy, be careful not to get a squirt of pee when changing. Hold the diaper firmly when you untie it. Wipe the cotton pad over the penis, especially around the testicles/bursa. Do not unhood your child. The foreskin can stick to the glans (phimosis), and you could hurt him. Talk to your doctor or pediatrician. 

How to change the diaper according to the child's age?

Depending on your child's age, you'll change him more or less regularly. You'll change him on a changing table, a mattress or a bed, and the older he gets, the more mobile he'll be, so you'll end up changing him standing up.

Infants and newborns

A newborn baby needs to be handled delicately, and as you will see, changing your child's diaper will be difficult at first:

  • Open the clean diaper and place it under baby. 
  • Do not lift your child by the feet, but turn him gently onto his side. Fold the front of the diaper over your child's tummy. 
  • Fold the edge of the diaper under the navel so that it doesn't rub the umbilical cord. 
  • Check that the elasticated folds of the diaper are positioned towards the outside (thighs and bottom) to avoid leaks, and make sure that the width of the diaper is centered on the front and back.


As your baby grows and his diaper is full, you'll notice that he has other things to do than s'lie down and wait for you to finish cleaning and changing him. 

To make the moment easier, you can change his diaper standing up and use pull-on diapers or training pants. training pants if you want to help him potty train. Don't hesitate to involve him in the changing process. Tell him about the steps and what you're doing. You can even flush your child's stools down the toilet to explain that that's where they belong.

When should I change my baby's diaper?

It is important to regularly change your baby's diaper. You need to do this at every feed and every time your baby has a bowel movement. Some people prefer to change their baby before feeding, others after - it's up to you!

The choice is yours, but you must never leave him with a dirty bottom. Change your baby's diaper every meal. Prolonged skin contact with a dirty diaper can lead to irritation and redness, diaper rash and other inconveniences that we want to avoid.

It's also important to wash your baby's genitals and bottom as soon as you change his or her diaper.

To avoid running out of diapers, we recommend that you estimate how many diapers you need per day and per month

How to choose the right diaper size for baby's diaper change?

To ensure that your child is comfortable in his diapers, neither too tight nor too loose, you need to make sure that the diapers you use are the right size. For choosing the right diaper sizeYou can refer to the size guide chart. Here are also some signs that it's time to change diaper size:

  • If the diaper no longer covers the buttocks properly;
  • If you notice red marks on your baby's tummy or thighs;
  • If you can no longer slip two fingers under the diaper belt ;
  • If you have difficulty closing the diaper adhesives or if they no longer reach the center of the diaper;
  • If you notice that your baby is tugging at his diaper, this indicates that he is not comfortable.

Diaper leaks: how to avoid them during diaper changes?

If your diapers are overflowingfirst check that you're using the right size diaper. Sometimes a diaper leaks even though it's the right size. This can happen if the diaper is put on the wrong way, either too tightly or too loosely. Also check that the adhesives on the sides are symmetrically positioned and that the cuffs face outwards.

The right size will keep pee to stay in the diaper and protect your baby from contact with other areas of the body. As soon as the diaper is full, it's time to change it!


Diaper changing FAQs

Why put baby on his side during diaper changes?

The best way to change your baby is to rotate his pelvis to the side while holding his thigh.

Why does baby cry when you change him?

There are many reasons why your baby may cry when being changed: s'if he's cold, if the diaper is the wrong size, if the moment you choose to change him is not the right one, if the clothes you put on him are too tight.

How do you change baby without waking him up?

It's best to change your baby before feeding, to avoid waking him or her by changing after feeding. In fact, it's often during or just after a feed that your child sfalls asleep.


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