Menstruation is still a taboo subject in the professional worldand as a result, many women feel obliged to go to work despite to go to work despite painful, heavy or even bleeding periods. However, it is difficult to work under these conditions, especially if you experience other symptoms related to menstruation: fatigue, headaches, stomach aches, etc. Can I go see my doctor to get a work stoppage? How do you manage your period on company premises? Let's see the answers to these questions together!
Can I miss work because of my period?
Yes ! The painful periods (dysmenorrhea) or heavy menstrual flow do not always allow you to be at your best, and may require a few days off work. However, you can't decide to miss work overnight. You will need to to see a doctor or a gynecologist to obtain a sick leave. to obtain a sick leave.
This document certifies to your employer that you are not able to work. To compensate for the loss of salary, stopping work during your period gives you the payment of daily allowances (IJ) by the national health insurance fund. The allowances represent 50% of your daily salary. Please note that there is a waiting period of 3 days applies from the first day of absence, unless your employer covers the costs related to your professional absence. For example, if you are off work for 5 days, you will only get 2 days of benefits.
How to get sick leave for painful periods?
To obtain a sick leave for painful periods, you will have to go through a doctor. The doctor will decide if a sick leave is necessary according to your health condition. We detail below all the steps to follow to obtain the medical certificate.
Consult a general practitioner or a specialist
The first step is to consult a doctor to be examined. We recommend that you go to a general practitioner. Less expensive and faster to get an appointmentIt is the best way to diagnose your health condition, and if you go to see your general practitioner ! At the end of the consultation, the doctor will give you a sick leave certifying your inability to work.
However, if your symptoms are chronic or very intense, the doctor will send you to see a specialist for further specialist to carry out more in-depth examinations and to discover the and discover the cause of the dysmenorrhea. Your painful or heavy periods can be a sign of several pathologies: the'endometriosis, l'adenomyosisa uterine fibroid, uterine endometrial polyps, etc. Only a gynecologist can make this diagnosis!
Send your leave to your employer and to the social security
To take advantage of your days off, thework stoppage related to your period must be sent to the primary health insurance fund and to your employer. The sick leave form is made up of three parts, and you have two options:
- You receive only part n°3 You receive only part 3: your doctor is in charge of sending it to the health insurance. All you have to do is send the document to your employer;
- You receive all three parts You receive the three parts: it is up to you to send each part to the right person. The first part is to be sent to the primary health insurance fund, the second to the administrative services of your CPAM and the third to your employer.
You must send it within maximum 48 hours after your visit to the doctor. For your information, the document sent to your employer does not include any medical data. Therefore, you do not have to justify why you are absent if you do not want to!
How to deal with menstrual problems at work?
Very often, menstruation arrives when you least expect it, unless you have foresight and use a menstrual calendar application. In any case, if you are not able to get time off work, you will have to manage your menstrual disorders and associated symptoms during work hours.
Painful periods are not pleasant to experience when you have to concentrate on a task or perform manual actions. The goal is to reduce the pain as much as possible to make it bearable. You can for example:
- Take ibuprofen This non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) is particularly recommended for menstrual pain. Ibuprofen acts directly on the prostaglandinsa molecule that causes pain. Be careful to follow the daily dosage and not to use this medication for more than three days in a row. Otherwise, taking an antispasmodic medication can help you reduce the pain of menstrual cramps ;
- Using a hot water bottle Use a hot water bottle: by applying a hot water bottle to your lower abdomenimprove your blood circulation, relax your muscles and reduce period pains. If you do not have one, you can make a dry period hot water bottle at home ;
- Get some fresh air and take a walk Getting fresh air and walking: sitting all day does not help to calm painful periods! As soon as you feel the pain coming on, take a short break and walk take a short break and walk to ease the discomfort.
Heavy periods or bleeding
The heavy periods mean that you need to changing your sanitary protection regularlyespecially if you wear sanitary napkins or tampons. Don't be embarrassed to take several breaks during the day to put on a new pad as soon as you feel that the one you are wearing is no longer absorbing. To remedy this problem, consider an external sanitary protection such as menstrual panties ! By purchasing a model adapted to your flow, one period panty is enough per day.
To reduce the abundance of your periods, you can also ask your doctor for advice on hormonal contraception such as the contraceptive pill, the contraceptive implant or the hormonal IUD. This is an option if you prefer not to wear sanitary protection during your period or if you suffer from bleeding periods.
Should I tell my employer if I have chronic dysmenorrhea?
Do you regularly suffer from painful periods? We recommend that you with your employer or a trusted person in the company (manager, director in the company (manager, director, human resources manager, etc.). In this way, you can ask to benefit from adjustment of your workstation ! Here are different solutions that can be considered with your company:
- Set up telecommuting Telecommuting: at home, you can take breaks when your period becomes too painful without fear of your colleagues' gaze. It will be easier for you to manage your day and you will also reduce the stress linked to travel;
- Lighten or adjust your workload during your period It is preferable to avoid all uncomfortable situations where it will be difficult to manage painful periods: business trips, long meetings, etc. Talk to your company to find arrangements, and focus on tasks and assignments that will allow you to take breaks when necessary!
What about menstrual leave?
In France, the code does not oblige companies to offer menstrual leave to employees. As a reminder, menstrual leave allows women to be absent during their menstruation, without justification! Currently in Europe, only Spain has proposed a bill in 2022 to grant three days of leave for women suffering from painful periods, with a possible extension of two days upon presentation of a medical certificate.
However, some French companies have chosen to implement a menstrual leave for the benefit of their employees. Do not hesitate to your superiors to find out if such a to know if such a system exists, or why not propose it!
FAQ about sick leave for painful periods
How to justify an absence for painful periods ?
You must consult a general practitioner or a gynecologist to obtain a work stoppage, to be communicated to your employer within 48 hours. If your company offers menstrual leave, you can be absent without medical justification, but check with your human resources manager first.
How to relieve period pain at work?
To effectively relieve your period pain during your working hours, here's what you can do: take ibuprofen or an antispasmodic (do not mix without medical advice), drink ginger or chamomile tea, use a hot water bottle and take a break as soon as necessary.
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