Baby is allergic to diapers: what should I do?
Is your baby's bottom red and irritated ? It's common for babies to have skin reactions. The most common is the notorious diaper rash. Baby's skin is very fragile , and although s s 'most of the time these are benign reactions caused by viruses or bacteria, they can sometimes s'be the result of an allergy.
What causes a diaper allergy?
Allergies to diapers are not actually linked to the di aper itself, but rather to the chemicals they contain.
In January 2019, ANSES (the French national agency for food, environmental and occupational health and safety) had published a report demonstrating the presence of harmful agents in many references of disposable diaper models.
Although an allergy can cause discomfort, redness and rashes, diaper allergy is not considered a childhood illness. However, illnesses such as eczema or asthma can have side effects that resemble an allergy.
What substances are we talking about?
These include petroleum derivatives, glyphosate, PCBs and dioxins. All these substances are extremely toxic for lhumans, and even more so for babies, whose skin is very fragile and sensitive. That's why it's so important to choose the right diapers for your little one, and to find out what they're made of. Also consult toxicological analysis reports. If the analyses are not readily available, this is not a good sign.
How to recognize a diaper allergy?
An allergy is when the immune system overreacts to foreign substances in the body, known as allergens. There are several types of allergy (food, respiratory, drug and contact), leading to inflammatory reactions, often localized.
Diaper allergy can develop through prolonged contact with the diaper. Inflammatory skin reactions (redness, itching, hot and painful skin) can have multiple origins, and are sometimes difficult to identify. If babies develop allergies easily, it's worth knowing how to recognize them.
Redness, irritation and itching
If, when you change your baby, you notice that he or she has a rash on several areas, such as the bottom, tummy, lower back or thighs, that is not usual, it could be san allergy.
In the event of an allergy to disposable diapers, you may also notice itching and irritation. Irritation can take the form of skin lesions.
Itching can easily make your baby nervous and irritable. It can make him wake up at night, cry when he is changed or touched , etc...
sIf redness and skin lesions ooze, sbecome infected and itch, this may be a case of mycosis, candidiasis (infection by a fungus) or impetigo (caused by bacteria).
Scales and red patches
Secondly, you can recognize an allergy by the presence of red patches or scales on your little one's skin. The skin may become painful, swollen and hot.
If the red patches are accompanied by itching on the seat, and the appearance of the patches is rather rough, this may suggest eczema. If, on the other hand, the red patches are associated with itchless scales, it's more likely to be a case of psoriasis of the diaper area. This is a skin inflammation caused by excessive renewal of epidermal cells. The keratinocytes (self-renewing cells) don't have enough time to eliminate themselves, leading to an accumulation of scales.
Papules, vesicles and pustules
Finally, small pimples such as papules, blisters (vesicles) or pustules (whitish-colored pimples containing pu) are also symptomatic of a diaper allergy.
At what age can a baby develop an allergy?
All children are susceptible to allergies. However, they react differently to toxic products, to a greater or lesser extent.
Children born prematurely and those with naturally dry or atopic skin are more prone to skin allergies.
How can you tell the difference between an allergy and diaper rash?
L'diaper rash is a skin irritation caused by prolonged contact with baby's urine or stools.
It takes the form of redness, the appearance of small pimples and shiny patches. These symptoms appear in the area covered by the diaper: buttocks, genitals and upper thighs.
To prevent diaper rash, you need to change your baby's diaper regularly, every 3 to 4 hours, as soon as he or she has urinated or had a bowel movement. Also remember to air your baby's bottom several times a day for a few minutes.
What to do in case of diaper allergy?
If you notice symptoms similar to those described above, visit your paediatrician to find out the cause of the irritation and avoid confusing allergies with other pathologies.
You can also consult an allergist to determine more precisely the diaper components responsible for irritation. In case of diaper rash, do not use liniment, as the basic ph of the lime water contained in liniment can accentuate redness.
Changing diaper brands
The first thing to do is to change diaper brands so that baby's skin is no longer in contact with the allergen in question. The recommended diapers are :
- Fragrance-free diapers (no perfume or lotion);
- With latex-free rubber bands;
- SIf there are prints on the coating, the ink must be solvent-free;
- Bleached using the TCF (Total Chlorine Free) method;
- Composed of organic materials to guarantee the absence of pesticides;
- No humidity indicator.
Beware of claims such as "dermatologically tested" or "hypoallergenic", as these are compulsory claims which in no way guarantee that the diaper is safe for your child.
We recommend that you choose ecological or organic disposable diapers. They use natural materials, some of which are biodegradable, add no perfumes, and contain no endocrine disruptors or harmful agents. The training pants are also a perfect alternative to disposable diapers. As well as saving money, you'll keep baby dry and help him potty train like a big kid!
If you use cloth diapers, an allergy may be triggered by lthe use of certain materials, as well as certain detergents and fabric softeners , which contain irritants that promote rashes.
Prevent allergies with regular diaper changes
To avoid irritation, diaper rash, allergies or any other inconvenience, it is essential to change your baby regularly. You should change your baby's diaper every time he or she feeds or drinks, and as soon as the diaper is full of stool. Prolonged contact between stool and baby's skin leads to maceration, and the acidity of stool and urine can irritate the skin.
We also recommendusing organic and natural hygiene products. Choose liniment which is excellent for preventing irritation. It moisturizes and protects your baby's fragile skin.
Getting a cream from a doctor
In case of allergy or if the redness doesn't go away, your doctor will prescribe a zinc oxide-based cream, most of the time. This helps to heal the allergy or diaper rash, thanks to the healing properties of the cream, which is applied to the lesions in sufficient quantity.
Diaper allergy FAQ
How to treat an allergy to baby's diapers?
To prevent diaper rash, change your baby's diaper regularly. If you notice symptoms of allergy, change your diaper brand to avoid exposing your baby to the allergen. Visit your doctor, who can prescribe a zinc oxide cream to relieve lesions.
How do you know if your baby can't stand diapers?
If you notice redness, red patches, pimples, irritation, itching in the area around your baby's bottom, nervousness, irritability, crying and waking up at night, it could be san allergy.
Can an allergy cause breech dermatitis?
To prevent the allergy from worsening, make an appointment with your paediatrician or doctor as soon as possible. He or she will be able to determine the origin of the irritation.
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