Bloated belly during menstruation: what causes bloating?

Who has never felt like putting on a few pounds and having a swollen lower abdomen as their period approaches? For many women, menstruation is a time of great hormonal changes. We explain why you feel bloated during menstrual bleeding!


Why is the belly swollen during menstruation?

The period of menstruation is often dreaded, it is possible to feel different disorders, headaches, migraines and chest pain. Some women will feel nausea and of course the famous stomach ache during their period.

A few days before your period, during PMS, it is possible to feel bloating and tightness in the lower abdomen.
These discomforts and bloated stomach during menstrual periods are manifested by:

  • Flatulence and gas that has a bad smell
  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • Heaviness in the stomach
  • A noisy digestive tract!

The main causes of stomach pain during menstrual flow are hormones!
Certain diseases such as endometriosis can increase the swelling of the belly or make it last throughout the cycle. During menopause, it is also more common to be prone to bloating because of the hormonal change.

The onset of bloating before your period

A few days before the arrival of menstruation, after ovulation, the abdomen can start to expand. Contrary to what you may think at first, abdominal swelling does not come from the uterus but from your digestive system and your intestines :) Indeed, under the effect of hormones and in particular progesterone, the body relaxes and prepares itself for a possible pregnancy. This is a particular period of premenstrual syndrome.

Swollen belly and bloating during menstruation

Before menstruation, due to the increased production of progesterone, the muscular tissues around the intestine function at a slower pace. The intestinal transit then accumulates gas and stools. Some women are constipated and have stomach pain before their period.
Menstruation is a sign that theegg has not been fertilized, hormone levels drop and prostaglandins are released. They are responsible for the contractions of the uterus that lead to menstrual cramps in the first days of blood loss. During menstruation and on the action of the hormones that affect the colon, women can have diarrhea, farts and bloating.

The deflation of the belly after the period

Once menstruation has passed, the hormones will diminish and the intestines will return to normal function. The entire intestinal area will regain its tone. The abdominal girth should then begin to deflate a few days after the blood loss has stopped. If this is not the case, do not hesitate to contact a health professional who will also be able to tell you that there are no other reasons.

How can I avoid a bloated belly and reduce bloating during my period?

When it comes to menstruation and PMS, we are not all equal. To limit pain and aches in the abdomen during the week of your period, there are natural remedies and methods that do not require taking medication! Relaxation, meditation, relaxation, sports exercises, here are our best recommendations!

Reduce stress and anxiety

Stress and anxiety play a very important role on your well-being and your body. Stress affects pain management, muscle tension and therefore the digestive system.
How to reduce stress?

  • Physical activity is good for your mental health
  • Meditate and take time for yourself. Free your mind from worries and focus on the present moment and your breathing.
  • Get enough sleep! Fatigue increases adrenaline levels and therefore stress levels
  • Laugh! Release endorphins to reduce anxiety.
  • Socialize! Find comfort in interacting with people you feel comfortable with. This will help you secrete oxytocin, the love hormone!

Eat a healthy and varied diet

When you have pain in your belly and during your period, most women turn to comfort foods and dishes. Beware, this is not the right solution even if it is very tempting! To reduce discomfort during this period, food can have a positive effect on bloating.
Foods to focus on during your period, which will be like a natural treatment to relieve your bloating and painful cramps:

  • Eat as much fiber as possible , which promotes intestinal transit, limits water retention and at the same time has a satiety effect!
  • Favour soft, cooked vegetables that are easier to digest
  • Do not hesitate to consume vegetable soups
  • Drink a lot of water outside of meals, at least 1.5L per day.
  • Take vegetable charcoal which absorbs gas
  • Consume fennel which will help eliminate and feel lighter.

Foods to avoid to avoid bloating and abdominal pain:

  • All carbonated drinks and sparkling water
  • Chewing gum
  • Reduce sugars, especially fructose (fruit sugar)
  • Foods that ferment in the intestine such as dried vegetables, cabbage, celery, onions or raw vegetables, responsible for flatulence and intestinal gas

Taking care of yourself

When you have a swollen belly and abdominal pain, it's hard to feel good about your body. The ultimate trick to reducing stress, pain and feeling good is to take care of yourself. Taking care of yourself is not just about taking a hot bath once in a while. It is essential for your well-being and to feel good in your body. Taking care of yourself to reduce your pain is a life routine.
Easier said than done, but what are our tips for avoiding a rounded stomach during your period?

  • Get some rest when you feel tired or have a drop in energy.
  • Practice abdominal massages to activate blood circulation and promote digestion.
  • Do lymphatic drainage such as Renata França
  • Wear loose-fitting clothing that won't constrict the abdominal muscles and that you feel comfortable in.

If the discomfort is too great during certain phases of the menstrual cycle, consult your doctor, gynecologist or midwife!

Do some physical exercises

When you have a swollen lower abdomen during your period, sports can be a great ally in reducing pain, limiting water retention and improving blood circulation. Sport and physical activity will improve your bowel movements and strengthen your abdominal muscles.
Here are some exercises that can help you reduce bloating and get a flat stomach during your period:

  • Walk regularly and after each meal: 30 minutes of fast walking every day
  • Stretching, yoga, etc. to reduce muscle tension and stress levels
  • Belly breathing will naturally massage your intestines and improve your bowel movements. Breathing is also a natural treatment for pain, anxiety and many other problems! In addition, you can apply it at any time of your daily life.
  • Work on your abs to boost your transit and prevent bloating. Do deep abdominal exercises to stimulate your intestinal wall and facilitate your digestion during your period.
  • Twist to "spin" your bowels and relieve gas during menstruation. This will help your bowel function.

Period Belly Swelling FAQ

Does the belly swell before my period?

Before your period, it is possible that your belly swells. This is completely normal and is part of the various symptoms of menstruation and PMS. Indeed, under the action of hormones, your intestine and all the muscles around your intestinal transit slow down and do less work! This causes bloating, constipation and discomfort.

How to deflate the belly during the period?

To avoid or reduce abdominal pain related to bloating during menstrual bleeding, it is recommended to have a healthy, balanced diet, to practice regular physical activity to reduce stress and anxiety. Do not hesitate to take care of yourself during this period!

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