Premenopausal menstruation: how does it work?

The period before menopause can be a complicated transitional time for women who are going through it. It is a time when multiple symptoms manifest themselves, taking the woman into a new phase of her life, without menstruation.

What is premenopause?

Premenopause is simply the period before menopause. Menopause generally occurs around the age of 50 and corresponds to the cessation of ovarian activity, which leads to the definitive cessation of menstruation (amenorrhea). Menopause occurs when a woman (of menopausal age) does not notice her periods for 12 months. Menopausal women can no longer have children.

During perimenopause, the internal clock is turned upside down: the level of ovarian sex hormones is gradually reduced. The duration of premenopause can last up to 3 years, depending on the woman.

Generally, it starts between 45 and 48 years old. But again, every woman is different: some will start their premenopause as early as 40 years old, while others will start it after 50 years old.

What are the symptoms of premenopause?

Approximately 80% of women are subject to several symptoms. Among these symptoms, there are

  • the famous hot flashes: this is the most frequent symptom
  • Dizziness
  • urinary leakage
  • night sweats and sleep disorders
  • mood changes (e.g. irritability)
  • Fatigue
  • weight gain: in fact, the metabolism slows down with premenopause, so it is common to observe weight gain during this period
  • vaginal dryness: the drop in estrogen affects the Bartholin glands (responsible for the secretion of cyprin), which can cause pain during sexual intercourse (dyspareunia)
  • a change in the appearance of the skin and hair: the skin may become drier, as may the hair, which may also become brittle. Some women may also experience acne.

How does premenopause impact menstruation?

Menopause does not happen overnight. It's a process that takes time. Menstruation stops gradually.

Duration and frequency of menstruation

Premenopause affects the Duration of menstruation and their frequency. Often, periods tend to become shorter. Cycles can become irregular. It is common to observe small amounts of bleeding outside of the menstrual period.

Menstrual flow

Menstrual flow can also be more or less abundant. While in some cases it decreases, for some women, the flow will be much more abundant.

Premenstrual syndrome

Finally, peri-menopause also brings about changes in premenstrual syndrome (PMS). With the hormonal changes during this time, PMS symptoms can be much more prominent. For example, you may experience increased bloating, breast pain, mood swings, etc.

Our advice for a better life during premenopause

As you can see, this period is generally not the most pleasant. But fortunately, there are solutions to better live this moment.

Choose natural solutions

Before considering medical treatment, there are simple and natural solutions to help you live your cycle better!

The use of plants (phytotherapy) has already proven to be effective in relieving menstrual pain. menstrual disorders. Sage, peppermint or cypress come to mind. These plants reduce the fluctuations of the cycle. They also allow to fight against the vaginal dryness, and to help the problems of skin. You can consume it in the form of herbal tea or in essential oils.

In addition to plants, there are natural solutions such as acupuncture, which can relieve hot flashes, night sweats and period pains.

Diet plays a key role in all issues related to the menstrual cycle. During peri-menopause, it is strongly recommended to choose foods rich in omega-3. You will find omega 3 in foods such as fatty fish (tuna, salmon), nuts, avocados, spinach and cauliflower, to name a few.

The action of omega 3 is 360: in addition to improving your intestinal transit, they also help limit premenopausal symptoms such as brittle hair, acne, night sweats and hot flashes. This is a period when it is easy to gain weight: if you want to be careful not to put on too much, adopting a balanced diet is important (without depriving yourself)!

Finally, the sport during your period is not to be neglected: it has very good effects on the menstrual cycle in general. It reduces the effects of premenstrual syndrome and pain during menstruation. In addition, sports can reduce stress and improve the quality of sleep.

Opt for a hormonal treatment

If the effects of premenopause are too strong, you can opt for a hormonal treatment. Even though premenopause is a completely natural phenomenon, it is possible to reduce the symptoms. To do this, you can opt for a hormonal treatment that will rebalance the level of estrogen and progesterone: this will help avoid hormonal fluctuations.

It can help reduce hot flashes, night sweats and sleep disorders, vaginal dryness and all the other inconveniences caused by premenopause.

They also help regulate menstrual cycles.

However, it is important to be aware that these treatments (like many hormonal treatments) present risks of venous thrombosis and potential weight gain.

It is only recommended in the case of premenopausal symptoms that are very disabling for daily life.

Choosing the right sanitary protection for your premenopausal period

During peri-menopause, since cycles easily become irregular, protecting yourself during your period can quickly become a real headache. Here are our recommendations for a better menstrual experience during this period.

As with menstruation, the sanitary protection you use during the peri-menopause period must be adapted to your flow.

If your periods are irregular (for example) during perimenopause, we recommend using external sanitary protection, such as menstrual panties. Choose organic cotton to ensure that they do not contain chemicals that are toxic to your vulva.

What to do if you have difficulties during menopause?

If you encounter any difficulties whatsoever, talk to your doctor, gynecologist or midwife: these health professionals are there to help you. You can discuss with them the solutions available to you to relieve your symptoms.

The FAQ of premenopausal periods

What are the signs of premenopause?

Premenopause is characterized by several symptoms: irregular cycles, hot flashes, night sweats, fatigue, weight gain, decreased libido, vaginal dryness and mood swings. All these symptoms are more or less intense and frequent depending on the woman.

What is the age of premenopause?

The age of premenopause is not fixed and varies from woman to woman. In general, the transition phase begins around 45-48 years of age. For some women, it may happen earlier, while for others it may happen later.

How to stop premenopausal periods?

There are no real solutions to stop menstruation during perimenopause. But natural solutions such as acupuncture, sports and taking herbs can help you relieve the symptoms. Otherwise, if your symptoms are too strong, talk to your doctor about taking hormones.

Les informations issues des articles présents sur le site sont des informations générales. Bien qu’elles aient été relues par des professionnels de santé, ces informations ne sont pas exemptes d’erreurs, ne constituent pas des conseils de santé ou des consultations et n’ont pas vocation à fournir un diagnostic ou proposer un traitement. Ces informations ne peuvent, en aucun cas, se substituer à un avis médical et ne peuvent pas remplacer une consultation auprès d’un professionnel de santé. Pour toute question, nous vous invitons à consulter votre médecin.