Endometriosis and treatment: what can be done?

One in ten or two in ten women suffer from endometriosis. A taboo and little-known chronic gynecological disease that makes life difficult for some menstruating women.

Is there a cure for endometriosis?

Endometriosis is often invisible to most sufferers. It becomes a disease when the symptoms impact on the patient's fertility and quality of life. There are as many types of endometriosis as there are patients, yet there is no cure for the cause of the disease. There are a number of drugs and solutions available to alleviate the pain and spread of this gynecological disease.

The case of superficial endometriosis

Superficial endometriosis is known asperitoneal endometriosis. This is the implantation of endometrial cells on organs outside the uterus (similar to adenomyosis), without any deep involvement. To the naked eye, it may appear as small spots on the peritoneum and in the abdomino-pelvic space. In most cases, this type of superficial condition does not develop severely: in half of all cases, it disappears on its own or with light treatment. A healthy lifestyle and alternative medicine can help to find a balance and reduce pelvic discomfort.

Can deep endometriosis be cured?

Endometriosis, whether deep or superficial, cannot be completely cured. It can stabilize and disappear, particularly during the menopause. The condition is said to be deep when it results in lesions or adhesions more than 5 mm deep in the wall of the pelvic organs or in the peritoneal wall. To treat deep endometriosis, you need to be aware of its main symptoms:

  • Dysmenorrhea, or uterine pain during menstrual periods
  • Chronic abdominopelvic pain, which scan be explained by adhesions in the digestive tract.
  • Infertility
  • Pain during intercourse, such as dyspareunia
  • Urinary disorders such as urgency, clear urine cystitis (negative ECBU) or dysuria
  • Digestive disorders such as diarrhea or constipation
  • Meno and metrorrhagia, which are very abundantperiods
  • Sciatica punctuated by the arrival of periods.

Ovarian endometriosis

Ovarian endometriosis is the presence of an ovarian cyst called an endometrioma. This condition can cause lasting damage to the patient's fertility by altering spontaneous ovulation or ovarian reserve. Ovarian endometriosis can also cause ovarian torsion, requiring urgent hospital treatment.

What treatments are available to limit the effects of endometriosis?

As we have already seen l, there is no cure for this disease. However, there are a number of possible solutions, both short-term and long-term, which can alleviate pain and undesirable side-effects.


The first treatment for endometriosis proposed by the doctor or healthcare professional after a medical diagnosis is painkillers. These drugs will mainly relieve the attacks and pelvic pain, but will have no lasting impact on the presence of lesions. These medications include :

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory solutions such as Naprosyn® and Antadys.
  • lacetaminophen (Tylenol®) from libuprofen (Advil®, Motrin®),
  • In-depth treatments that reduceestrogen levels, which in turn reduce bleeding, lesions and adhesions, and hence pain.

Hormonal treatment to suppress periods

There are several hormonal treatments available to try and control the disease or reduce the pain of endometriosis. They act as hormone blockers, reducing bleeding and the development of lesions. Depending on the patient's age, diagnosis, state of health, infertility and desire for pregnancy, the doctor will prescribe a suitable hormonal treatment:

  • The continuous contraceptive pill. The aim is to block ovulation and thus ovarian stimulation.
  • The progestin-coated intrauterine device (IUD) significantly reduces periods and treats pain.
  • Danazol, a hormone similar to testosterone, blocks the activity of estrogen and progesterone l
  • Medroxyprogesterone acetate, injected into the buttock muscle every 3 months. It inhibits ovulation and suppresses menstruation, pelvic discomfort and tubal discomfort.

Artificial menopause to treat endometriosis

Stopping menstrual flow and pregnancy are known to have curative effects on endometriosis. Not menstruating for several weeks dries out adhesions and reduces discomfort by blocking estrogen secretion. Artificial menopause does, however, have some side-effects, such as hot flushes, weight gain and vaginal dryness, which need to be taken into account before starting treatment.

As a last resort: conservative or radical surgery

When drug treatments have failed, conservative or radical surgery can be performed to remove the endometrial tissue from lwithout regard to the consequences for fertility or quality of life.
The different types of surgery are as follows:

  • Ablation or vaporization of the endometrial tissue layer using a laser or plasma
  • Cystectomy is the removal of the cyst attached to the ovary. This technique will result in a reduction in the ovary's follicle reserve.
  • Puncture or drainage of endometriomas for all women whose ovarian reserve has already been impaired, and who lwant to preserve their fertility.
  • Sclerotherapy is a technique involving the instillation of 95° alcohol into la cyst to destroy the internal endometrial layer without impacting ovarian tissue.
  • Hysterectomy involves removal of the uterus

How can endometriosis be treated naturally?

Some menstruating women can naturally relieve the pain of endometriosis. These methods are not curative, but will help patients enjoy a more pleasant daily life.

Sport for better pain management

In most cases, the pain caused by endometriosis over-stimulates certain muscles, causing them to contract violently. As a result, certain muscles lose flexibility and become less mobile, amplifying the pain.
It is therefore highly advisable to take up a sporting activity that will release endorphins and stretch the muscles in the pelvic area.

A diet rich in fruit and vegetables

To limit pain or prevent it from worsening s, we recommend a diet rich in fruit and vegetables with anti-inflammatory properties.

Traditional Chinese medicine

One of the most common methods used by women to treat endometriosis is traditional Chinese medicine or TCM. It helps to promote blood circulation and control blood stagnation in the abdomen by improving the circulation of blood cells. This medicine combines both acupuncture methods and the use of herbs such as Chinese angelica, Chinese buplèvre and corydalis.


FAQ on endometriosis treatments

Is there a cure for endometriosis?

Despite research, there is no cure for endometriosis. There are as many women as there are forms of the disease. Some treatments will help eliminate pain, while others will enable pregnancy. Only the cessation of menstruation will halt the development of this gynecological disorder.

What are the chances of recovering from endometriosis?

When you have endometriosis, it's for life. But many women don't realize they have it. The symptoms are invisible. Certain treatments can suppress symptoms for several years.

What medication is right for endometriosis?


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