Vaginal dryness refers to a lack of lubrication of the vagina, which then presents a hydration disorder. One woman in six suffers from it and it can affect all women, but particularly menopausal women, young mothers or pregnant women.
Vaginal dryness can also increase vulnerability to gynecological infections and make sexual relations difficult because of the pain they cause, often resulting in a decrease in sexual activity, but also psychological effects.
The vagina is indeed lined internally with a mucous membrane and several glands that ensure its lubrication, under the effect of ovarian hormones. At the level of the cervix, glands secrete a viscous liquid that flows along the vagina to "clean" it by removing any germs and dead cells. Then, Bartholin's glands ensure the hydration of the vagina and the labia minora.
Nevertheless, all these secretions vary according to the time of the menstrual cycle, but also according to sexual activity. Indeed, during sexual intercourse, blood circulation increases, as well as the humidity because the vagina lubricates itself. Anything that disrupts these hormonal secretions contributes to possible vaginal dryness.
What causes vaginal dryness?
Vaginal dryness is caused by hormonal changes (mainly a drop in estrogen levels) such as during pregnancyafter childbirth, during breastfeeding or menopause. For example, during menopause, there is a decrease in vaginal secretions which makes the vaginal mucosa less moist, less thick and more rigid. This is mainly due to the cessation of ovarian activity and therefore a rapid drop in estrogen levels (which keeps the vagina moist).
But vaginal dryness can also be caused by other factors such as wearing tight clothing, fatigue, stress, alcohol, tobacco or drug use, certain medications (antidepressants, antipsychotics, treatment of breast cancer, endometriosis, etc.), or other factors.endometriosis fibroids or infertility, ...). But also a contraceptive method or a genital infection, a disturbance of the vaginal flora, psychological factors or an inappropriate and too aggressive intimate hygiene, the wearing of tampons during the whole period, ... That's why we launched our brand of period panties in organic cotton. Our customers use them as classic protections to replace their disposable protections or as a complement to the cup or the free instinctive flow.
In addition, repeated and prolonged sexual intercourse, too rapid penetration or the use of non-lubricated condoms can also irritate the mucous membrane of the vagina.
Nevertheless, one should not confuse vaginal dryness with a lack of lubrication, which is related to sexual excitement and which therefore only occurs during sexual intercourse. Thus it is possible to have a lack of lubrication without suffering from vaginal dryness.
What are the symptoms of vaginal dryness?
Vaginal dryness manifests itself by a lack of hydration of the vagina which often causes redness at the level of the vulva, itching, irritation or local inflammation and a burning sensation at the level of the vagina.
It can also cause pain during sexual intercourse, as well as small bleeding and in the long term, if nothing is done to remedy it, it can contribute to a decrease in libido, notably through fear of pain.
It can also lead to urinary and vaginal infections, but also to stress, even depression, as well as pain during sports.
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