What causes miscarriage?

Quelles sont les causes des fausses couches ?

A miscarriage is defined as an early termination of gestation. There are several types of miscarriage: early miscarriage when it occurs during the first trimester of pregnancy (the most frequent), late miscarriage when it occurs during the second or third trimester. In some cases, women may suffer repeated miscarriages. Repeat miscarriage occurs when there are at least 3 consecutive spontaneous gestations before 14 weeks of amenorrhea. There are many reasons for miscarriage: infections, genetic abnormalities, health problems... Often, no reason is given. Charline, a midwife, talks to us about miscarriage and the emotional impact it has on women and couples. Often passed over in silence, miscarriages are now a real taboo that isolates and places certain women and couples in great distress.

How many couples are affected by miscarriage?

It is estimated that around 10.8% of couples will suffer a miscarriage at some point in their lives. It's also important to note that it's not uncommon to have one or two miscarriages (1-2%). Some women also suffer a third miscarriage (0.7%).

The Lancet has published a study of a total of 4.6 million pregnancies in Europe and North America, which shows that 23 million miscarriages occur worldwide every year, representing around 15% of all pregnancies. 44 pregnancies are lost every minute, and 1 in 10 women will suffer a miscarriage in their lifetime.

What are the symptoms of miscarriage?

Most of the time, one of the warning signs of miscarriage is bleeding. But this is not always the case, as some miscarriages are discovered during a follow-up ultrasound. While it's important to consult a doctor in the event of bleeding during pregnancy, it's also important to bear in mind that many women experience bleeding during the 1st trimester, but that only 50% of bleeding is a sign of miscarriage.

The causes of bleeding are sometimes unknown. Some doctors refer to it as an anniversary period. Sometimes it's due to a slight detachment of the placenta, but this does not endanger the pregnancy. The reason for the bleeding is not always obvious. In all cases, you should seek medical advice if you notice bleeding and are pregnant.

During a miscarriage, you may feel cramps in your lower abdomen. These cramps, similar to period pains or labor contractions, are uterine contractions used to evacuate the embryo or fetus from the mother's uterus.

Another symptom of pregnancy termination is the sudden disappearance of signs of pregnancy, such as nausea and tense breasts.

How is a miscarriage managed?

Either the miscarriage is eliminated with the bleeding, or to speed up the process, medication can be taken to evacuate the pregnancy. When the pregnancy is at a more advanced stage, aspiration or curettage is required.

There are several types of bleeding: there is the first bleeding, when people don't yet know they are having a miscarriage. At this point, some women may lose large clots, which could be the pregnancy (this is not systematic). In all cases, after a miscarriage, bleeding is systematic, whether or not a curettage has been performed. This bleeding, which is often abundant, evacuates the endometrium, i.e. the uterine mucous membrane that had developed to accommodate a pregnancy.

This bleeding generally lasts about ten days. Once the bleeding has stopped, it's perfectly possible to start planning a new pregnancy.

On the same subject: What is lochia?

What causes miscarriage?

The causes of miscarriage depend on the type of miscarriage: isolated or recurrent. The risk of miscarriage increases with age, rising from 12% at 25 to 50% at 42. Isolated miscarriages are often due to an anomaly in the development of the fetus, but most of the time, little research is done. The most likely hypothesis is that the fetus has chromosomal abnormalities that halt its development. In the case of recurrent miscarriages, it is necessary to carry out an assessment to determine the causes. Some of the most common are: uterine malformations, uterine cavity anomalies, hormonal disturbances, blood coagulation abnormalities and genetic abnormalities. Obesity, smoking, excessive consumption of alcohol, drugs or coffee, vitamin deficiencies or even exposure to pesticides can all contribute to miscarriage. However, it should be stressed that the cause of recurrent miscarriage is not systematically identified.

Post-miscarriage precautions

As previously stated, after a miscarriage, it is perfectly possible to start a new pregnancy project. In the case of early, non-recurrent miscarriages, gynaecologists even recommend trying again fairly quickly, without waiting several months.

Miscarriage: the taboo of silent pain

Coping with a miscarriage can sometimes be complicated. Indeed, it's the loss of a pregnancy, in which many people project themselves, that is often very difficult. There are no degrees of pain for everyone. No matter how far along the pregnancy is, there's still mourning to be done. It's perfectly normal to feel sad after a miscarriage. Don't hesitate to talk about it and express your sadness if you feel the need, because miscarriages happen all the time, and not just to other people.

Don't forget that for all the most delicate moments in your life, Elia is there to support you with a range of menstrual briefs in organic cotton that are comfortable and absorbent, even for heavy flows.

Back to blog

Our best sellers

1 of 8

The information contained in the articles on www-elia-lingerie.com is general information only. Although reviewed by health professionals, this information is not error-free, does not constitute health advice or consultation, and is not intended to provide a diagnosis or suggest a course of treatment. Under no circumstances may this information be used as a substitute for medical advice or consultation with a healthcare professional. If you have any questions, please consult your doctor.