What are the causes of miscarriage?

Quelles sont les causes des fausses couches ?

A miscarriage is defined as an early termination of pregnancy. There are several types of miscarriage: early miscarriage when it occurs during the first trimester of pregnancy (the most common), late miscarriage when it occurs during the second or third trimester. In some cases, some women may experience recurrent miscarriage. Repeat miscarriage occurs when there are at least 3 consecutive spontaneous terminations of pregnancy before 14 weeks of amenorrhea. There are several reasons for miscarriage: infections, genetic abnormalities, health problems... Often, no reason is given. Charline, a midwife, talks about miscarriages and the emotional impact they have on women and couples. Often passed over in silence, miscarriages are today a real taboo that isolates and places certain women and couples in great distress.

How many couples are concerned by miscarriages?

It is estimated that approximately 10.8% of couples will suffer a miscarriage during their lives. It is also important to note that it is common to have one or two miscarriages (1 to 2%). Some women also experience a third miscarriage (0.7%).

The Lancet published a study of a total of 4.6 million pregnancies in Europe and North America which shows that 23 million miscarriages occur each year worldwide, that is about 15% of pregnancies. 44 pregnancies would be lost every minute, and 1 in 10 women would have a miscarriage in their lifetime.

What are the symptoms of miscarriage?

Most of the time, one of the warning signs of miscarriage is bleeding. However, this is not always the case, and some miscarriages are discovered during a check-up ultrasound. Even if you should systematically consult a doctor in case of bleeding during pregnancy, it is nevertheless important to keep in mind that many women have bleeding during the first trimester, but that only 50% of the bleeding is a sign of miscarriage.

The causes of bleeding are sometimes unknown. Some doctors refer to it as an anniversary period. Sometimes it can be due to a slight detachment of the placenta, but this does not endanger the pregnancy. The reason for the bleeding is not always clear. In any case, you should consult a doctor when you notice bleeding and you are pregnant.

During a miscarriage, it is possible to feel cramps in the lower abdomen. These cramps, similar to period pains or labor contractions, are uterine contractions that serve to evacuate the embryo or fetus from the mother's uterus.

Another symptom of a miscarriage is the sudden disappearance of the signs of pregnancy: nausea, tense breasts for example.

How should a miscarriage be managed?

Either the miscarriage is eliminated with the bleeding, or to accelerate the process, it is possible to take medication to evacuate the pregnancy. When the pregnancy is at a more advanced stage, an aspiration or curettage is required.

There are several types of bleeding: there is the first bleeding where people do not yet know that they are having a miscarriage. At this time, some women may lose large clots, which may be the pregnancy (this is not systematic). In any case, after a miscarriage, bleeding is systematic, regardless of whether or not a curettage has been performed. This bleeding, which is often abundant, allows the endometrium to be evacuated, i.e. the uterine mucous membrane that has developed to accommodate a pregnancy.

This bleeding usually lasts about ten days. Once the bleeding is over, it is possible to start a new pregnancy project.

On the same subject : Lochia, what is it ?

What are the causes of miscarriage?

The causes of miscarriage depend on the type of miscarriage: isolated or recurrent. It is important to know that the risk of miscarriage increases with age, from 12% at 25 to 50% at 42. Isolated miscarriages are often due to an abnormality in the development of the fetus, but most of the time, little research is done. The most likely hypothesis is that the fetus has chromosomal abnormalities that stop its development. In the case of recurrent miscarriages, it is necessary to do a check-up to determine the causes. The most common causes are: malformations of the uterus, abnormalities of the uterine cavity, hormonal disturbances, blood clotting abnormalities, or genetic abnormalities. Obesity, smoking, excessive consumption of alcohol, drugs or coffee, vitamin deficiencies or even exposure to pesticides can cause miscarriages. However, it should be noted that the cause of recurrent miscarriage is not systematically identified.

Post-miscarriage precautions

As previously stated, after a miscarriage, it is possible to start a new pregnancy project. For early, non-recurrent miscarriages, gynecologists even recommend trying again to become pregnant fairly quickly, without waiting several months.

Miscarriage - the taboo of silent pain

It can sometimes be complicated to deal with a miscarriage. Indeed, it is the loss of a pregnancy, in which many project themselves is often very difficult. There are no degrees to the pain of each person. There is a mourning to do, no matter how far along the pregnancy is. It is normal to feel sad after a miscarriage. You should not hesitate to talk about it and express your sadness if you feel the need to do so, because miscarriages are frequent, it does not happen only to others.

Don't forget that for all the most delicate moments of your life, Elia accompanies you with a range of menstrual panties in organic cotton, comfortable and absorbent even for heavy flows.

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