Today, we are interested in a notion that we were not aware of even a few years ago. Can we have ecological and feminist values? But what exactly is ecofeminism about?
Ecofeminism, as its name indicates, was born from an ecological and feminist concern.
For ecofeminists, nature and women are part of the same ecosystem and are both dominated and exploited by the dominant political, economic and cultural power, that of man.
Ecofeminism considers that there are common levers and causes between the systems of domination and oppression of women by men and the systems of overexploitation of nature by man. this would lead to significant climate disruption.
The movement underlines that to enter a resolutely more ecological era, it would be necessary to rethink the relations between genders as well as between humans and nature.
Ecofeminism takes a stand against this system where men see nature as a set of resources to be put at the service of humans, rather than as a living system in its own right. It is the same with women, indeed they have a biological productive power that is seen as a reproductive force that men must control and put at their service.
For ecofeminists, the capitalist and patriarchal system is one in which women and nature are both dominated and used as free resources.
Different ecofeminist movements?
There are indeed different movements within ecofeminism itself. It happens to separate ecofeminism in terms of North and South.
In the North, ecofeminism tends more to question the "traditional" role of women, i.e. the image of the housewife.
In the South, it is rather movements of peasant and indigenous women who question the intensive and destructive production of nature, but always with a view to the well-being of nature and human well-being, because for them the two are inseparable.
History of ecofeminism
The concept of ecofeminism was first introduced in 1974 by the French Françoise d'Eaubonnein her book "Feminism or Death". For her, a deep mutation of the society must take place to overcome our capitalist and patriarchal model because the " revolt of the women goes in the most immediate interest of the humanity ". Ecofeminism is then seen as a philosophy that goes beyond feminism and ecology. Ecofeminism wants to tackle a global problem, be it environmental, political, social or cultural.
However, in France, the idea of leading a feminist fight together with an ecological fight does not take and it is in English-speaking countries, and particularly in the United States, that the idea will develop.
Indeed, this ecofeminist movement is developing in the United States and wants to be antimilitarist and anti-nuclear. It also developed in the United Kingdom, where women mobilized massively to fight against environmental problems.
Then with the arrival of the 1990s, ecofeminism evolves, it wants to be more cultural and is the subject of academic research.
It is only recently that the concept has developed in France, especially during the COP21 in Paris in 2015, where an entire day was devoted to the theme of gender and climate. Moreover, Ségolène Royal explains in her book " What I can finally tell you ", that she has observed a "real resemblance" "between the violence done to women" and those "done to nature".
It is moreover to note that it is from now on the young generations, and in particular the young women, who mobilize and militate all the more in front of the emergency. We see it perfectly in the awareness of our customers with the use of our organic menstrual panties, in their consumption,...
One of the most recent figures of ecofeminism is Greta Thumberg who donates part of her Freedom Award to the association Care and which supports women in countries where global warming makes life impossible. During her different marches, many young girls bring a feminist touch to their signs: "Lick clitos, not Monsanto's ass" or "My planet, my pussy, let's save the wetlands", this slogan evoking the disposable sanitary protections whose components pollute as much the planet as the women's body.
In the Elia team, we are rather feminists and in favor of a more responsible economy accessing health and environmental issues. You can see it through the certifications we have!