Periods, Pregnancy and menopause: how to better understand the female body?

Periods, Pregnancy and menopause: how to better understand the female body?

What is menstruation? 

Menstruation is a natural and normal phenomenon  in every woman during her teenage years. Menstruation refers to the blood flow that women experience each month for an average of 3 to 7 days. Menstruation begins at puberty when a girl's reproductive system matures and stops at menopause. Menstruation only stops at two moments in a woman's life: when she becomes pregnant and when she reaches menopause. However, they can disappear at other times, such as following the use of certain contraceptives (e.g. pill, hormonal IUD), but also in case of severe  chronic illness or significant weight loss. 

The menstrual cycle is the period from the first day of menstruation to the first day of the next. It lasts an average of 28 days, but it is unique to each woman and its length may vary. The cycle is regulated by hormones located in the brain. At the beginning of the cycle, the hormones stimulate the ovaries. Halfway through the cycle, an egg is released and leaves the ovary in which it was created. It travels down the fallopian tube to the uterus. At the same time, the ovaries produce hormones that slightly thicken and line the lining of the uterus with a lining called the endometrium. This prepares the uterus to receive a fertilized egg and eventually, a pregnancy. During sexual intercourse, sperm enters the vagina and the uterus and  travels up the fallopian tubes to meet the egg to fertilize it.. If there is no fertilization, the ovary will decrease its production of hormones. This triggers the detachment of the excess uterine lining. This surplus is evacuated through the vagina: this is the period. 

Menstruation is not always pleasant. It  is possible to feel uncomfortable pain in the lower abdomen and back. These cramps are normal and are linked to prostaglandins: substances produced by the uterine wall to regulate the activity of the muscle causing the contraction of the uterus that evacuates blood. As these substances spread through the bloodstream to other parts of the body, it is possible to experience other symptoms such as bloating, headaches, mood changes...


Pregnancy: What’s the impact on my body? 

Pregnancy occurs when a fetus grows in the woman's uterus. It lasts about 40 weeks from the last menstrual period to the child’s birth , or a little over nine  months in humans. 

The first signs of pregnancy are the absence of a menstrual cycle, firmer and larger breasts, and the presence of nausea or vomiting after a few weeks of pregnancy. 

Other symptoms appear as the pregnancy progresses, both physiologically  and psychologically: headaches, frequent urination because  the uterus is pressing on the bladder. But also brownish bleeding when the egg attaches to the uterine wall. However, if the bleeding is very red and accompanied by clots, you should contact a doctor. There are sure  signs to watch out for, as they can warn of a miscarriage. Pregnant women may also experience a flare-up of acne and  water retention in the ankles, legs and face. 

During pregnancy, weight gain follows an ascending curve. In the first trimester, the weight is low, and some women even lose weight when they feel nauseous. On the other hand, women  tend to gain about 1 to 1.5 kg per month during the third trimester. 

Tests  sold in pharmacies can diagnose pregnancy. The result is reliable, even a few days after a delay in menstruation. The test measures  hormones secreted by the placenta’s cells  as soon as the embryo is installed in the uterine wall. 



Menopause: the life cycle goes on. 

Menopause is the period of life when menstruation stops permanently. It usually occurs between the ages of 45 and 55. It is a natural phenomenon that occurs when the ovaries reduce their production of sex hormones. Before menopause, most women begin to feel changes: irregular periods, first hot flashes, irritability, sleep disorders... 

The drop in estrogen affects many organs: the vagina, bones, blood vessels, breasts, skin, urinary tract and digestive system. Menopause causes a wide variety of symptoms, but fortunately, most women experience only a few.

While women's risk of cardiovascular disease is lower, it increases after menopause. Moreover, ten years after menopause, women's risk is as high as that of men of the same age.  

But rest assured, Elia accompanies you through all the transitions of your life thanks to our organic cotton panties. You can wear our lingerie every day of your cycle to avoid any inconvenience!


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